Home > Information > Medical Information

KEEP THIS BOOKLET IN YOUR FIRST AID KIT

KEEP THIS BOOKLET IN YOUR FIRST AID KIT

To prevent infection and carer contamination, disposable latex gloves should be worn whenever contact with open wounds or bodily fluids is possible.

 

1. CARE OF INSTUMENTS OF FIST AID KIT

If the scissors or tweezers have been used, they should be cared for as follows:

·clean thoroughly using soap, cold water and a small brush, then rinse in cold water

·allow to dry, and disinfect with 70% alcohol swabs (ethanol or methanol)

·allow to dry again before storing for future use

·throw waste into garbage bin, recycle or deal with them environmentally.

 

2. WOUNDS

wash the wound in clean running water

clean the wound with disposable cleaning swabs

carefully dry the wound and the surrounding skin using sterile gauze pieces

Povidone-iodine solution or other suitable antiseptic may be used on and around the wound

cover the wound with an appropriate sized sterile dressing

use a conforming cotton bandage, fastened with adhesive tape or a safety pin, to hold the dressing in place.

Deep wounds, larger lacerations and wounds that become red and throb should be covered with sterile dressings and promptly referred to either a health professional or hospital emergency department.   

Do not touch the wound or any part of the sterile dressing that will be in contact with the wound.

 

3. SEVERE BLEEDING

apply and maintain pressure to hold the wound using a sterile dressing or clean cloth pad

raise the injured body part (if it is not fractured) and place the injured person at rest in the position of greatest comfort

if the bleeding continues through the first pad, do not remove it, but

put another dressing or pad over it and maintain the firm pressure by

hand or with a bandage, if bleeding continues through the second pad, remove both and start again with a new pad

when the bleeding stops, leave the pad in place

arrange medical aid as a matter of urgency and stay with the person,

watching for signs of shock.

SEVERE

4. TRAUMATIC AMPUTATION

do not wash the severed body part, apply and maintain pressure to the injured area using a sterile dressing

place the severed body part in a sealable plastic bag filled with

some air to cushion the part from further injury

keep the bag in ice-cooled water, but do not pack the severed body part in ice, as this will damage tissues

arrange medical aid as a matter of urgency, and stay with the

person watching for signs of shock.

 

5. BURNS

take the injured person to a safe place if possible, give priority care to the injured person’s airway, breathing and circulation

cool, running water applied quickly is the best remedy of all –cool the affected area with cold, running water for at least 20 minutes, irrigation should continue if the patient continues to complain of burning, do not apply any lotion, ointment, gel, cream or powder – unless access to 20 minutes of clean, running water is not available.

remove any jewellery and clothing from the affected area, but do not

peel off any substances that are stuck to the skin

cover the burnt area loosely with either a light, non-adherent, sterile

dressing, or a clean polythene burns sheet, or clean cling film

elevate burnt limbs where possible, do not break blisters

 

1)    Inhalation (airway) burns

Due to inhaling hot gases or fumes, provide

oxygen administration if available.

2)    Burns from scalding

Applying cool, running water for at least 20

minutes, or continue if the patient continues to complain of burning. Keep

unburned areas warm and remove all hot and wet clothing.

3) Electrical burns

check the airway, breathing and circulation of the injured person

start CPR on the injured person if there are no ‘signs of life’

flood the burnt area with water for up to 20 minutes

4) Lightning burns

check the airway, breathing and circulation of the injured person

start CPR on the injured person if there are no ‘signs of life’

5) Hazardous Substance burns

Immediate treatment is vital in cases of hazardous substance burns.

 

6. EYE INJURIES

flush the eye immediately with clean running water for at least

20 minutes

contact lenses should not be removed, as they may be protecting the

eye from damage

In cases of eyelid bruises apply a cold pack for up to 10 minutes – do

not use ice

Eyelid cuts, apply a small non-adherent sterile dressing to the injured

eyelid

Eyeball injuries, assist the injured person to lie on their back and lightly cover the injured eye with a sterile pad

Burns to the eye, flush the eye immediately with clean running water for

at least 20 minutes. It is important to flush under the eyelids and it

may be necessary to hold the eyelids apart to overcome any spasm.

 

7. SNAKE BITE

keep the injured person calm and lying down at total rest, ensuring they avoid all movement of the bitten part

• do not wash the bite site, because a sample of the venom will be taken later to identify the snake

apply a firm bandage over the bite site, and then continue to bandage the whole limb

if possible, immobilise the affected limb using a padded splint between the legs for a lower limb and/or a splint and sling for an upper limb

check the airway, breathing and circulation of the injured person at frequent intervals

start CPR on the injured person if there are no ‘signs of life’

 

8. INSECT STINGS

apply an ice pack to relieve pain

apply sting relief cream, gel or spray to the sting area. Bee stings should be scraped off with a fingernail or sharp edge as soon as possible to stop the injection of any more venom.


TAG:  first aid kit contant, first aid list,care of instruments

Yiwu Ori-Power Medtech Co.,Ltd.

#86, Xiahe Road, Beiyuan Industrial Park, Yiwu City, China 322000.

Mobile/Whatsapp/Wechat: +86 183 9593 2337

Contact Person: Oscar Ou

Tel/Fax: +86 579 85275838

E-mail: oscarou@ori-power.com

amychen@ori-power.com

Skype: ouguohuaogh

Ori-Power Alibaba Web: www.ori-power.en.alibaba.com


Yiwu Ori-Power Medtech Co.,Ltd.| frist aid kit